Luxor Museum

Luxor Temple in Egypt

Luxor Temple is built on the site of ancient Thebes and is home to about 60,000 people. The Arabic word for “Luxor” is “el-Uqsor,” which is the plural of “el-Qasr,” which means “camp” or “fortification.” This is because there were two Roman military camps in the area.

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Luxor Temple of Egypt

Luxor Temple of Egypt

The vast structures the Egyptians built to honor their gods show how important religion was to people in the past. The Luxor Temple is an excellent example because many different pharaohs used it over the years. The result is a beautiful building that shows how much the Egyptians loved their gods and how mighty and beautiful the ancient Egyptian Empire was.
In the courtyard are 74 columns, each with a picture of the Pharaoh with other gods. Ramses II added a central shrine with chapels for the gods Amun, Mut, and Junsu. They were where the holy boats were kept. The Luxor Temple is 260 meters long and connected to the Karnak Temple by a long street lined with sphinxes that used to have rams’ heads but now have human heads.

The people who designed and built the Luxor Temple

It was built mainly during the 18th and 19th dynasties of the New Kingdom but continued to be modified and enlarged until the Ptolemaic era. It was started on the orders of Amenophis III (or Amenhotep III) and was completed in its original form during the rule of Ramses II, around 1250 BC. c. Tutankhamun, Horemheb, and even Alexander the Great encouraged their workers to leave their mark on a great time to be remembered forever.

Description of the Temple of Luxor 

Pictures of one of the temples in

The entrance to the temple is marked by the 65-meter-tall pylon built by Ramses II. The famous Poem of Pentaur, which praises Ramses II’s military successes, is carved inside, as are sculptures showing the Pharaoh’s fight against the Hittites.

Before, two obelisks of Ramses II rose to the sky in front of the tower to disperse harmful forces and draw celestial powers to the temple. Today, only the 25-meter-tall obelisk on the left remains, as the other was moved to France in 1833 and is now in the middle of the Place de la Concorde in Paris.

On each side of the entrance are two statues of the Pharaoh sitting on his throne. Each one is made of red granite and stands on a pedestal 1 meter high. When you cross the triumphal arch, you’ll be in the grand Court of Rameses II, which has a double row of columns with papyriform capitals and sculptures of Osiris in the spaces between the columns. The court also builds the small temple of Thutmose III, and it has three chapels for the gods Amun, Mut, and Khonsu.

Then we walk into the court of Amenophis III, which has an impressive colonnade 25 meters long and a double row of papyriform columns on three sides. The front of the temple is also pretty remarkable, and it has a few small chapels along its walls and is decorated with religious scenes and, in some places, scenes from the war with the alliance of Syriacs and Haitians.
The first parts of the Luxor temple were a large arcade with fourteen papyriform columns that were 19 meters high and a circle about 10 meters in diameter. On the east and west

Sides of the temple was a wall with reliefs that showed scenes from the Opet festival. The arcade was built and decorated during Tutankhamun’s reign (1334-1325 B.C. ). It led to the beautiful courtyard, surrounded by a double row of columns and bordered on the south by the hypostyle hall. From there, people can go into the temple’s inner sanctum, which has four antechambers, a few other rooms, and the sanctuary of the holy boat, whose pavilion was rebuilt by Alexander the Great.

The Luxor Temple at Night.

The Luxor Temple at Night.

Luxor Temple has a vast central courtyard, a hypostyle hall, a vestibule, and a sanctuary, all typical features of classical buildings. When people walked into the temple, they would see a poem written by Pentaur that talked about the Pharaoh’s strategic values. At the front, there were two 25-meter-tall obelisks. One of these obelisks is still there, but the other was given to the Place.

De la Concorde in Paris by Mohamed Ali in 1836. At the entrance, you can see sitting statues of Ramses II that are so big they are hard to believe. They are decorated with pictures of prisoners who stand in for the nine people Egypt beat. There are two of them, and they are over 15 and a half meters tall and made of grey granite.

What you should know about the well-known temple in Luxor:

The Abu’l Haggag Mosque in Luxor Temple.

The Abul Haggag Mosque in Luxor Temple.

Finding the Luxor Temple took a long time, leading to a mosque being built on top of one of the temple’s walls as soon as you walked inside. This mosque, which is at least a thousand years old, was chosen to be kept because it shows how two monotheistic religions and one polytheistic religion can live together.

History and the many works of art in this temple show that different religions were practiced in the same Place at other times. For example, along with the gods of Old Egypt, Muslims worshipped in the mosque, and Christians worshipped in a chapel at the end of the temple.

Church built inside the Luxor Temple walls.

The Corinthian capitals at the end of the temple are one thing that will catch your eye. When we walk in, you’ll see that this is where a Christian church used to be, so we’ll see some frescoes that haven’t been taken care of very well.

A picture of me one of the temple of Ramesseum

Alexander the Great at a temple in Luxor.

At this Luxor Temple, many paintings and carvings of sacrifices and boats are leaving port. Alexander the Great set up this room, and because he treated ancient Egypt with respect and care, it is shown in the temple’s reliefs. You can see how he was made the son of a god, immortalizing him before the god Amon.

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